In 1991, at the request of government of Nepal, the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) established refugee camps to meet the growing needs of the people pouring into Nepal from Bhutan
They established seven Bhutanese refugee camps located in the south eastern lowlands of Nepal, in the districts of Jhapa and Morang. The camp population grew from 80,000 in 1992 to 108,000 in 2007.
In 2007, a programme to re-settle Bhutanese refugees in third countries was agreed. Refugees from the camps started to be re-settled from 2008 and the camp populations decreased. In 2015, just two camps remained and the refugee population stood at less than 18,000 people. As resettlement reaches its end, it is estimated that around 10-12,000 refugees will remain in the camps.