Taktsang monastery, built on a cliff face above Paro, Bhutan

Taktsang monastery, built on a cliff face above Paro, Bhutan


From this time, Nepali-speaking people are brought by government contractors to settle in southern Bhutan, to clear the forest and establish rich terraced farmlands, providing the main food supplies for the country.


The Wangchuk dynasty comes to power in Bhutan with the crowning of Ugyen Wangchuk.


India and Bhutan sign a treaty through which India guides its neighbour's foreign relations.  As Bhutan's major donor, India holds an influential position over Bhutan from then on.

Bhutan passes its first Citizenship Act and full citizenship is granted to people in southern Bhutan


Active policies are passed on the integration of ethnic communities, including incentives for inter-marriage and moving secondary school students to other parts of the country.  Centres of worship, with Buddhist and Hindu temples side by side, are established in southern areas. 

Pre 1985

Citizenship Act passed.  This tightens the requirements for a Bhutanese citizen by naturalization.  It contains several provisions for the termination of citizenship.  Citizenship may be revoked for disloyalty to the king, country and people of Bhutan.